Misadventures in Misogyny

Art by Moonfullite @ Deviantart

Free PDF Books on race, gender, sexuality, class, and culture

flanneryogonner:

Found from various places online:

The Pedagogy of the Oppressed by Paulo Freire

Angela Y. Davis - Are Prisons Obsolete?

Angela Y. Davis - Race, Women, and Class

The Communist Manifesto - Marx and Engels

Sister Outsider: Essays and Speeches by Audre Lorde

Three Guineas by Virginia Woolf

Critical Race Theory: An Introduction by Richard Delgado and Jean Stefancic

The Black Image in the White Mind: Media and Race in America- Robert M. Entman and Andrew Rojecki

Ain’t I a Woman: Black Women and Feminism - bell hooks

Feminism is for Everybody - bell hooks

outlaw culture - bell hooks

Faces at the Bottom of the Well - Derrick Bell

Sex, Power, and Consent - Anastasia Powell

I am Your Sister - Audre Lorde

Patricia Hill Collins - Black Feminist Thought

Gender Trouble - Judith Butler

Four books by Frantz Fanon

Their Eyes Were Watching God - Zora Neale Hurston

Medical Apartheid - Harriet Washington

Fear of a Queer Planet: Queer Politics and Social Theory  - edited by Michael Warner

Colonialism/Postcolonialism - Ania Loomba

Discipline and Punish - Michel Foucault

The Gloria Anzaldua Reader

Capitalist Realism: Is There No Alternative? by Mark Fisher

This Bridge Called by Back: Writings by Radical Women of Color by Cherríe Moraga & Gloria Anzaldúa

What is Cultural Studies? - John Storey 

Cultural Theory and Popular Culture - John Storey 

The Disability Studies Reader 

Michel Foucault - Interviews and Other Writings 

Michel Foucault - The History of Sexuality, Vol. 1Vol. 2Vol. 3 

Michel Foucault - The Archeology of Knowledge 

This blog also has a lot more. 

(Sorry they aren’t organized very well.)

Eduardo Galeano - Open Veins of Latin America

Eduardo Galeano - Las Venas Abiertas de América Latina

(via praxisandcapital)

1 month ago - 34128

Eduardo Galeano, "Las Venas Abiertas de América Latina"

Ensayo del escritor uruguayo Eduardo Galeano, publicado en 1971.

[Libro en formato .pdf en Español]

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Open Veins of Latin America: Five Centuries of the Pillage of a Continent by Eduardo Galeano.

Essay written by Uruguayan journalist, writer and poet Eduardo Galeano and published in 1971.

In the book Galeano analyzes the history of Latin America as a whole, from the time period of the European settlement of the New World to contemporary Latin America, describing the effects of European and later United States economic exploitation and political dominance over the region.

[Link to the e-book in English]

1 month ago

Cuadernos de Investigación N° 4 - La violencia invisible: acoso sexual callejero en Lima Metropolitana y Callao

La calle es uno de los ámbitos menos conquistados por las mujeres, y no necesariamente por falta de presencia femenina, sino por una presencia condicionada a ciertas zonas, horarios, tiempos de permanencia e incluso vestimenta. Tovar (2007) afirma que el papel de las mujeres latinoamericanas en la subsistencia dentro de la economía informal en el siglo XIX o a comienzos del XX ha permitido que realicen gran cantidad de labores fuera del hogar. Pese a ello, la ciudad sigue estando estratificada y segregada alrededor del género “donde a los hombres se les permite mayores privilegios que refuerzan el acceso diferencial a los recursos, el conocimiento y el poder” (p.110). Numerosos estudios (Falú, 2009; Tovar, 2007) confirman que las ciudades no son iguales para las mujeres y los hombres, sino que el espacio público parece ajeno a ellas, por lo que deben desarrollar estrategias diversas para recorrerlo.

El temor de las mujeres a transitar libremente por la ciudad produce una suerte de “extrañamiento” respecto del espacio en que circulan, al uso y disfrute del mismo. En tales circunstancias, algunas mujeres desarrollan estrategias individuales o colectivas que les permiten superar los obstáculos para usar las ciudades y participar de la vida social, laboral o política. En otros casos, simplemente se produce un proceso de retraimiento del espacio público, el cual se vive como amenazante, llegando incluso hasta el abandono del mismo, con el consiguiente empobrecimiento personal y social”. (Falú, 2009, p.23)

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“La exclusión fuera de la plaza pública que, cuando se afirma explícitamente, condena a las mujeres a espacios separados y a una censura despiadada de cualquier expresión pública, verbal y aun corporal, haciendo de la incursión en un espacio masculino (como los alrededores de un lugar de asamblea) una prueba terrible, puede realizarse en otra parte casi con igual eficacia: de esta suerte, adquiere los visos de una agorafobia socialmente impuesta que puede sobrevivir largo tiempo a la abolición de las prohibiciones más visibles y que lleva a las mujeres a excluirse a sí mismas del ágora”. (Bourdieu, 2000, p.56)

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El acoso sexual callejero, en este sentido, puede ser visto como una de las muchas formas sociales que operan para alejar a las mujeres del espacio público. Las mujeres, sin embargo, intentan desarrollar una serie de estrategias como las que se ha mencionado ya, como evitar ciertas zonas o ir acompañadas, especialmente de otros hombres. Lamentablemente, estas estrategias solo refuerzan el control masculino del espacio: (…) se refuerza el modelo patriarcal en el sentido de la protección: las mujeres necesitan la compañía y cuidado de otros hombres cuando están en la calle para sentirse seguras.

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El machismo, como sistema de prácticas y creencias, puede ser de utilidad para entender este patrón de comportamientos masculinos. Stevens (1997) define el machismo como el culto a la virilidad y se caracteriza, entre otras cosas, por la agresividad e intransigencia exageradas en las relaciones de hombre a hombre, y arrogancia y agresión sexualen las relaciones de hombre a mujer. Esta agresividad masculina puede expresarse de diversas formas. Así, “La intimidación a las mujeres se produce desde el silbido de admiración en la calle, al acoso en la oficina, a la violación y al ataque doméstico, llegando hasta el asesinato por el dueño patriarcal de la mujer, como en algunos casos de maridos separados”. (Connel 1995, en Valdés y Olavarría, 1997, p.44).

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Las entrevistas, grupos focales y testimonios en la plataforma DATEA confirman que estas prácticas se focalizan en mujeres jóvenes, sobre todo adolescentes, aunque pueden seguir ocurriendo a lo largo de su vida adulta. La edad de inicio de estas experiencias concuerda con el momento en que las mujeres empiezan a desplazarse solas, yendo a la tienda a hacer encargos, a la escuela, casas de amigos o cuando juegan en la calle sin supervisión adulta. Se puede afirmar, entonces, que estas relaciones de poder entre géneros tienen un componente de edad: a mayor juventud, mayor probabilidad de ser afectada. Son realizados, por lo general, por hombres mucho mayores que ellas, lo cual incrementa la sensación de vulnerabilidad y asco de las mujeres.

image

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La característica principal de las prácticas mencionadas es que, pese a que son parte de las experiencias cotidianas de las mujeres, han sido invisibilizadas o minimizadas inclusive por ellas. Los planes y políticas sobre violencia no las contemplan de forma específica y solo los tocamientos, la masturbación pública y el exhibicionismo están legamente sancionados. Como afirma Gaytán (2007), la rapidez con que muchas de estas prácticas suelen realizarse y la forma velada en que se presentan hacen que sean aparentemente intangibles. A nivel de la ciudadanía y, de acuerdo con la encuesta del IOP, existen diferencias significativas entre hombres y mujeres en cuanto a la tolerancia a las prácticas estudiadas, siendo las mujeres quienes las sancionan en mayor proporción.

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Los silbidos, así como los llamados “piropos”, han sido legitimados en la sociedad limeña como una práctica evaluativa de las mujeres, no sólo de conocidas sino también de extrañas. Prueba de la poca sanción social que reciben es que suelen realizarse frente a otros, sin necesidad siquiera de intentar camuflarse, como sucede con los tocamientos. Por el contrario, justamente el hecho de que se hagan en público es lo que las define, lo cual remite a la necesidad de afirmación de la masculinidad, una masculinidad que necesita ser aprobada, y que por lo tanto necesita de testigos que la validen. (Callirgos 1998)

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Inclusive en aquellas prácticas consideradas más agresivas y donde queda claro que no hay consentimiento, es común responsabilizar a las mujeres por ellas. La culpabilización femenina frente a cualquier agresión sexual que pudiera sufrir está muy arraigada en las sociedades latinoamericanas, y se sostiene en el estereotipo de irresponsabilidad sexual masculina: la imagen de un hombre incapaz de controlar sus deseos sexuales. Callirgos (1988) explica que, en un contexto en el que se asume a los hombres como incapaces de controlarse, se espera que sean las mujeres quienes deban poner los límites. Por ende, la responsabilidad de evitar agresiones sexuales recae en ellas, de lo contrario “se verán expuestas a todo tipo de acosos y abusos - que pueden llegar al extremo de la violación, porque ellos ‘actúan como varones solamente’ y no han interiorizado normas al respecto” (p.61). Frases como “una mujer debe darse su lugar” o “no se puede estar dando mucha confianza a los hombres porque se aprovechan”, responden a esta estructura de razonamiento. Se carga sobre ellas la responsabilidad de la agresión, se les dice desde pequeñas cómo vestir para evitar la atención masculina, se le pide evitar ciertos lugares, se le pide noexpresar abiertamente opiniones que la muestren como un sujeto sexual, con deseos y fantasías. Se educa a las mujeres para vivir evitando agresiones sexuales, y, si esta llegara a ocurrir aún con todas las “precauciones”, queda igual la sospecha de la culpa.

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La tolerancia varía según las prácticas (…) Los entrevistados difícilmente identifican punto común entre todas estas prácticas (tocamientos vs. silbidos y ruidos de besos) y son vistas, más bien, como de distinta especie: en un extremo, los tocamientos son vistos como actos de “gente enferma”; mientras que los silbidos o piropos pueden llegar a ser valorados como “galantería”. Sin embargo, un enfoque de género permite identificar poder en todas estas prácticas, al margen de la percepción de su gravedad: la posibilidad que tienen los hombres de calificar públicamente el cuerpo femenino o de quebrar el espacio personal hasta llegar a los tocamientos. Este poder se mantiene gracias a diversos mecanismos, entre los que están la romantización de algunas prácticas (como los piropos) y la culpabilización femenina, la cual ha facilitado el silencio de muchas experiencias que se viven cotidianamente.

2 months ago

Stop Street Harassment: Respuestas asertivas ante instancias de acoso sexual callejero

Artículo original: StopStreetHarassment.org © > Strategies > Assertive Responses.

Traducido al español de manera parcial y con agregados de: 1. la traductora, 2. del póster de Megan Braddock que se ve en StopStreetHarassment.org, y 3. de comentarios leídos en Paremos el Acoso Callejero (página de Facebook).

La persona acosada es la única que puede determinar para sí misma cuál es la mejor forma de responder a cada incidente para sentirse: 1. segura, y 2. en control de la situación.

Cómo enfrentar al acosador:

- Usá un lenguaje corporal autoritario y que denote fuerza:
* manos en las caderas, hombros para atrás, rostro serio (no sonrías).
* miralo a los ojos,
* hablá en voz fuerte y clara
* usá tu voz, expresión facial, y lenguaje corporal; y no mandés señales mixtas.

- Proyectá autoconfianza (seguridad en vos misma), calma y seriedad.

- Sé firme:
* no te disculpés,
* no des excusas,
* no hagás preguntas.

- Para evitar manipulación emocional / hartazgo, no debatas:
* seguí con tu monólogo,
* atenete a tu plan,
* hacé oídos sordos si te intentan desviar del tema,
* repetí lo que ya dijiste, o
* andate del lugar.
- No respondás a:
* intentos por parte del acosador de cambiar de tema o dar vuelta lo que decís,
* ni a preguntas,
* ni a amenazas,
* ni a que te intenten hacer sentir culpable.

Más tips para evitar manipulación emocional / hartazgo,no permitas que te discuta ni que te cuestione:
* Cuando te responda hacé oídos sordos y no ofrezcas contraargumentos.
* No es un debate, ni una discusión.
* No te extiendas en el reclamo.

- No insultés ni pierdas el temperamento: por la posibilidad de que el acosador intente responder con enojo o violencia.

- Vos decidís cuándo terminaste de hablar. Si ya dijiste lo que tenías que decir y te podés ir en paz, hacelo.

-

Ejemplos de frases/respuestas para hacer que los acosadores se hagan cargo de su comportamiento. Se recomienda practicarlas en voz alta o “actuarlas”, para sentirse más seguras al usarlas cotidianamente. N.d.T: Como algunas de las referencias son viejas (año ‘93 aprox.) se puede reemplazar cuadernillos con videocámaras:

1. Decir cómo se llama ese comportamiento y decir que está mal:
"No me silbés, eso es acoso callejero"
"No me toqués (una parte del cuerpo), eso es acoso sexual"

2. Decirles exactamente qué hacer:
"Alejate"
"Dejá de tocarme"
"Movete para aquella parte del colectivo/autobus/metro"

3. Preguntale si él trata así a su madre, hermana o hija; o si le gustaría que un extraño trate así a su madre, hermana, hija o novia.

4. Memorizá una frase anti-acoso callejero que sirva para todas las ocasiones. Decila en un tono neutral y asertivo/autoritario:
"Dejá de acosar a las mujeres en la calle. A mí no me gusta. A nadie le gusta. Respetá"

5. Esto se llama “frase A, B y C”:
A) Decí cuál es el problema,
B) Decí cuál es la consecuencia de ese problema,
C) Decí lo que querés que haga.
Sé especialmente concreta en los puntos A y C.
"Cuando hacés esos ruidos de besos en la calle, me pone incomoda. De ahora en más, si tenés que dirigirte a mí, empezá con un "Hola, Señora."

6. Identificá al acosador, señalalo con el dedo:
"Señor de la camisa amarilla, deje de tocarme" (esto sirve más en lugares donde hay mucha gente cerca, como el colectivo/autobus)

7. Atacá el comportamiento, no a la persona.
Decile que lo que hace es lo que te molesta:
"estás ubicado demasiado cerca"
en vez de culparlo como persona: “sos un forro”.

8. Con uso marcado de buenos modales. Usando una expresión facial de sorpresa, consternación, o asco:
"Disculpe Ud.!"
"No puedo creer que me dijo eso"
"Me debe haber confundido con otra persona a quién se cree que le puede hablar así"

9. Con una pregunta filosófica:
"Qué interesante - me podés explicar qué te hace pensar que podés apoyar tu mano en mi pierna?"

10. Acosador en auto: Anotá la patente. Si no la ves bien, hacé de cuenta que la anotás, puede que el acosador se detenga por eso. Si el acosador es agresivo o te amenaza y conseguís anotar la patente, podés denunciarlo a la policía. (N.d.T.: depende de las leyes del país)

11. (N.d.T.: filmalo con el celular) Comprá un cuadernillo y escribí bien en grande en la tapa “Acoso Callejero”. Sacala cada vez que te acosan y pedile al acosador que te repita lo que dijo para anotarla. Hacé ademanes de preguntarle la fecha, hora, fijarte el lugar, etc. Si te preguntan porqué estás anotando todo, decí que estás haciendo un registro de actos de acoso callejero.

12. Informale que estás haciendo un estudio / proyecto / encuesta sobre el acoso callejero. Sacá un cuadernillo / filmalo y preguntale:
"¿Con qué frecuencia acosás a las personas?"
"¿Con qué criterio elegís a quién acosar y a quién no?"
"Por lo general, ¿acosás cuando estás solo en la calle o cuando estás acompañado?"
"A tu madre, hermana o amigas mujeres, ¿les contás sobre las personas a las que acosás en la calle?"

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Otros recursos:

- Trudy Hamilton: kit anti-acoso callejero:

Aclaración de la escritora: no es responsabilidad de una tener que reducir las incidencias de acoso callejero, la responsablidad recae 100% sobre los acosadores de que cambien su comportamiento tóxico.

- Anillo de bodas (falso, en su caso), dice que sirve también en el trabajo;
- Auriculares (conectados o no);
- Gafas de sol.
- Ropa “de clase alta” pero no de vestir, en su caso es el buzo de la universidad cara a la que fue. (N.d.T.: es clasista, pero los acosadores son misóginos así la culpa no es de una.)

Trudy Hamilton tiene un lenguaje accesible y presenta muchos argumentos contra esta práctica y su normalización. Lista de todos sus ensayos y artículos sobre acoso callejero (en inglés).

-

- Notas de pie del artículo traducido más arriba de StopStreetHarassment.org:

1. Martha Langelan, Back Off! How to confront and stop sexual harassment and harassers (New York: Fireside Press, 1993); see also Langelan, “Stop Right There!” Ms. Magazine, Fall 2005, p 39; see also Don’t be Silent Blog,“Highlights from the Martha Langelan Workshop,” February 10, 2008; see also Don’t Be Silent Blog, “Response to ‘Drive-by Hollas Drive Me Crazy!!’” February 11, 2008.

2. Lauren Taylor, “The Assertive Response to ‘Hey, Baby,’ Options Go Beyond the Silent Treatment,” Washington Post, October 27, 2003, C10; see also Lauren Taylor, “Speak Up! Basic Verbal Self Defense Guidelines,” Defend Yourself, n.d.

missmegami asked: I am compiling a list to show my friend how K pop is terrible and the reason why I keep myself in check from being a big fan. I could only think about the Oma oh no they didn't article and that evil racist thing Jenny Hyun. There's so much more incidents that I can't even list them with out getting a horrible headache. Can I get some help please?

owning-my-truth:

Where to even begin?

Hmmmm…

Maybe with…

(Image description: G-dragon in blackface dressed up as Andre 3000)

the multiple…

(Image description: Kpop star G-dragon in blackface dark makeup while wearing a shirt pulled over his head)

instances…

(Image description: G-dragon with black face paint and white and black hair grimacing with a gold grill on his canines)

of….

Daesung with braids and dark face makeup in a big white jacket imitating snoop dogg

(Image description: Daesung in blackface as Snoop dog)
you guessed it…
A kpop star in blackface
BLACKFACE!
image
(Image description: the Bubble Sisters in blackface on their album art)
image
(Image description: Boom dressed up as Stevie Wonder)
image
image
(Image description: Taeyang’s blackface twitter avatar)
~~~~~~~
Let’s switch gears a bit….
image
(Image description: blue-joi comment, “He said that he would be afraid of being around a black man because he thinks he will get shot. And his personality isn’t very likeable to begin with.” in response to this blackinasia ask)
 
And by he we mean Seungri. YES, HE OPENLY SAID HE WAS AFRAID OF BEING AROUND BLACK PEOPLE BECAUSE HE THINKS HE’LL GET SHOT!
TAEYEON FROM SNSD CALLING ALICIA KEYS “PRETTY FOR A BLACK GIRL” here.
 
Junsu from kpop group 2pm singing the n-wordhere

G-DRAGON SAYING THE N-WORD

(youtube clip above in which he goes, “yo yo yo yo, what’s up mah NIGGA”)

FETISHIZING BLACK FOLKS:
USING BLACK CHILDREN AS PROPS:

(Image description: G-dragon in baggy white clothing with 3 black children in similar outfits)

LITERALLY AS PROPS, THEY RANDOMLY WERE IN THE VIDEO FOR NO REASON OTHER THAN TO MAKE HIM SEEM MORE “HOOD”

(Image description: G-dragon in a baggy outfit posing with a black child in a similar outfit)

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image
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SO MUCH CULTURAL APPROPRIATION!!!
Black/African-American:
image
(Image description: 2NE1 in gang clothing)
image
(Image description: G-dragon dressed in a style highly reminiscent of US blood gangs, in all red wearing chains, a cross and a red and white bandana)
 
 
image
(Image description: Instagram pic of g-dragon @xxxibgdrgn in which he is donning bleach blonde cornrows)
 
image
 
(Image description: G-dragon in an afro with an afro pic from his video “michi GO”)
 
image
(Image description: coverart of Itaewon, “Freedom”)
 
image
 
(Image description: Picture of taeyang in a large baggy white jacket, big dark sunglasses and a black and white bandana tied around his head from g-dragon’s instagram @xxxibgdrgn, tagged “Today’s Special Guest Give it up for My Homie @youngbeezzy Thanz Bruh #taeyang #teydaddy #oneofakind #worldtour in Japan #fukuoka #swag #dope #juunj”)
 
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(Image description: Instagram picture from g-dragon @xxxibgdrgn, 2 figures posturing for the camera in black with golden chains and “bling” accessories)
 
image
 
(Image description: G-dragon in a handstand “twerking” in a tweet @diplo “sorry for the late reply bro. Couldn’t do the Harlem Shake but i’ma still express myself #expressyourself”)
 
image
 
(Image description: close up of CL’s face with eyes covered by cap and just mouth and nose shown on her face. Mouth is opened in a grimace and she is wearing golden grills over her teeth)
 
image
(Image description: G-dragon wearing a grill)
image
(Image description: CL in a black belly shirt, with a black fitted cap adorned with the letters “GZB,” wearing a studed golden chain with a 3 pointed star in the middle [like a Mercedes logo], golden earrings, and 2 large rings with words that stretch across 4 fingers each. All set against a black background with bright lights in circles, surrounding a white insignia with the letters “CL” in the middle)
 
image
(Image description: Kai from EXO wearing cornrows and a bandana tied around his head)
 
Latin@:
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(Image description: Clover from the “La vida loca” video in mock Chican@ clothing)
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The appropriative clusterfuck otherwise known as this “video”: here.
 
image
 
(Image description: CL on left in a red and black plaid shirt with a black and white patterned bandana around her head. She has tattoos in shapes similar to water droplets down her arm. She is flanked by 3 men to her right, all in black and white. Man closest to her is in a full black and white pattenered outfit with matching bandana tied in his hair. Man second from right is wearing a black leather jacket and hoodie, and the black and white bandana is covering his mouth. He has a fitted cap on his head and his hoodie is up over the cap. Man farthest right is in a black shirt with a silver chain over his stomach and a black and white jacket patterned with chains. He also has a black and white patterned bandana over his mouth along with another one tied around his hair. All figures are standing in front of a maroon car with flames decorating the doors)
 
image
 
(Image description: CL in the middle in red and black plaid shirt with a black and white patterned bandana tied around her head while looking at the camera. She has four dancers behind her, all in black and white plaid and wearing black ski masks with the letters GZB across the top completely over their heads (masks which only show eyes and mouth))
Native American:
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(Image description: Kpop group t-ara dressed up as “native americans”)
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(Image description: Kpop group t-ara dressed up as “native americans” standing in front of teepees)
T-ara’s YaYaYa (so offensive)
 
image
(Image description: B1A4 in “Baby Goodnight” promotional shots in “Native American” gear)
 
B1A4 “Baby Goodnight” (the video’s appropriated image of what native american culture is)
DESI/SOUTH ASIAN:
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(Image description: Dara from 2NE1 (kpop group) in a recent promotional shoot wearing a bindi)
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(Image description: Dara from 2NE1 wearing a bindi and sari)

The full dance sequence is really bad and can be viewed: here

~~~~
SO MUCH COLORISM (WAY too many examples to put in here)
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(Image description: Tao from the Kpop group EXO turns to Kai, a darker skinned member of the group, and tells him: “This one (Kai) is darker than me, do you know?”)
 
Fan: Oppa is really really really really handsome!
Kai: (smiles and draws a lot of hearts)
Fan: And oppa’s skin color is really…
Kai: (continues smiling) It’s fairer than it seems right?
Fan: No, it’s really dark.
Kai: …….. (erases two of the hearts he just drew)
~~~~
image
(Image description: Anonymous ask: “Kpop’s eternal struggle: finding the balance between stealing from black people and shitting on them. Kpop fans eternal struggle: finding all kinds of ways to hate everything black without actually saying you hate black people. Too bad their oppar and unnies are too busy being ghetto (kpopfancodeword for black) and not innocent/pure (kpopfancodeword for Asian). It’s all just so shameful. The longer I follow kpop the more it resembles a Jerry Springer show. I can’t look at this car crash anymore.” Blackinasia response: “^All of this”)
 
OH AND LASTLY THIS:

Actually… I can’t help myself let’s end with one last thing~~~ (Wassup, Kpop’s “twerking” girl group)
image
(Image description: Gif of a member of Wassup… attempting to “twerk”)
 

"Whiteness" in Europe & Tumblr's US-centric SJ Discourse

blackinasia:

Dear blackinasia

You are one of the best US-SJ people on tumblr I have ever read, very mindful of the differences in the concept of “White” in different counties and I am really need your advice on this problem, if you are willing to give it, of cause.

A lot of spending SJ people on tumblr are rather US centric, when it comes to defining racial categories and react very strongly when you try to talk about other places and categories, especially if they perceive it as a white-on-white issue (because that would have been a white on white issue in the states, and they would be rightfully outraged by the oppressor group trying to occupy their spaces and derail the whole thing).

It is understandable to a certain extent: your own pain is always closer and more real then the one that is removed from you (That’s why I think the concepts like Asian Privilege are born: Out of the perceived lesser oppression other discriminated groups are experiencing)  

As a non-American/non English native speaking person, who have discovered a lot of communality of experience with the American people submitting and writing SJ blogs, I am not sure as to what should I do:

On one hand, I am quite sure that the discrimination I am experiencing is real and based on the idea of whiteness and my lack of the proper amount of it. It brings me considerable discomfort and led to some rather bad internalized feelings I feel towards my own people and culture, I am still trying to get rid of, but I don’t think that I will ever be able to. 

   On the other hand, the racist structure of the States lacks the category I belong to, and defines me as properly white (I don’t live in the States (this IS important), cause if I did, I wouldn’t be facing a lot at all)

What should I do?

1)      Start speaking at risk of being dismissed due to the prevalence of the US-discourse in the tumblr-sphere? ( But, I don’t want to give the American whites additional derailing arguments since I have seen enough “but the X where white and faced horrible discrimination” arguments, which conveniently ignored the fact that in all these cases the group in question was defined as NOT WHITE in their own respective context).

I feel like it can potentially harm people I do not want to be harmed at all: people who are oppressed by the idea of white superiority in the States.

2)      Or should I remain silent, implicitly enforcing the universality of the US idea of white ?

I am starting to feel that the whole thing makes me feel a slight resentment towards the wrong kind of people, I otherwise agree with: You know the thing you feel when an otherwise splendid feminist is denying racism, or an antiracist not believing in sexism , the feeling of disappointment in people who get one aspect of it very well, not getting their own privilege in other aspects (In this case: Being American and having the power to define the discourse in even the international spaces due to the relative cultural power of the States). I don’t think I should feel it, but then again, why should we be mindful of the American structures when the Americans don’t need to know anything about ours before starting writing?

Should I just step away from the English speaking discourse on this matter?

Sorry if my thoughts are a little bit to jumbled at this point: I have been reading a lot of the US social justice blogs without writing anything about it for about half a year and came to the point I can’t ignore this duality anymore.

————-

Hi there,

Thanks so much for sharing. This is one of many problems that I have with Tumblr’s SJ discourse, as you’re exactly right in saying that it tends to be incredibly US-centric and myopic. What does “POC solidarity” look like in the Arab World where there is local Arab supremacy and a long history of racism and enslavement of African peoples and a more recent history of SE and South Asians laborers and maids who also face abuse and tremendous discrimination? What does “POC solidarity” look like in a world where the global imperialist leading drone strikes against black and brown peoples in the Third World is a black American man? What does the very term “POC” mean, and, for that matter what does “white” mean within and without the US geographic context, in Europe especially?

I have written about this topic of “whiteness in Europe" previously but anything that challenges or acknowledges problems with Tumblr SJ discourse tends to not be as "popular." For context, I have had the tremendous privilege to have been able to travel abroad considerably and currently have family in both Africa and Europe, so I have witnessed, read and heard personal accounts providing testament to just how importantlocal context is in local conceptions of race especially.  

For some reason (maybe due to lack of exposure or just buying into the American global hegemony which breeds myopia in both white and non-white Americans), it’s hard for people on here to wrap their heads around the fact that the following people would not be considered “white” in their home countries due to their ethnic background:

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(Image description: Portrait of Dzokhar Tsarnaev, the Chechen American Boston Marathon bomber. Chechens and other peoples from the Caucuses are specifically targeted for discrimination in Russia and are notseen as “white.” My friend, blackgirlinrussia, remarked to me how she, as a black woman, would never get stopped by Russian police, but those who “looked” like they were from the Caucuses always were)

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(Image description: Portrait of Charlie Chaplin, 1/4 Romanichal famous British comic who purposefully hid his Romanichal heritage to pass as “fully” white in British society)

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(Image description: Portrait of a little blonde girl with pale skin and light blue eyes, the “blonde angel" whom Greek authorities kidnapped from her adopted Roma parents thinking that she was white. DNA tests later showed that she was Roma. Roma face rampant antiziganism in Europe, lighter skin can afford some privilege, but they are still subject to antiziganism and are racialized as non-white as Roma regardless.)

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(Image description: A picture of 3 blonde Irish Traveller girls who face institutionalized discrimination and disenfranchisement in Ireland and the UK. Irish Travellers are not a Roma subgroup)

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(Image description: Portrait of a blonde Polish woman. Polish people face discrimination within the UK today based on their ethnic background and were also specifically targeted for extermination by Nazi death squadsalong with other Slavic peoples.)

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(Image description: Portrait of Simone Veil, a French Jewish member of the EU Parliament and also a survivor of Auschwitz, Jewish people, including those with pale skin, are distinctively racialized as non-white throughout Europe)

A lot of Americans just don’t seem to /get it/. They don’t understand how important local histories and context are in shaping the way race is “seen” in any given country, although this should be patently obvious. Whiteness and race, are fluid categorizations that change on a temporal and geographic basis. When we fix ourselves in our current local context and deny the experiences of others, like you, our analyses not only lose nuance, but we reproduce systems of oppression (e.g. American dominance of global discourse) as well. 

When I was in Sweden this past summer visiting family, it was a huge wake up call for me. My cousins there are 1/4 black and 3/4 white and would, without a doubt, “pass” for white in America, but they do not pass in Sweden. One of my friends there is South Asian and lives in the ghetto. The ghetto in Sweden is very mixed with (non-white Swedish) folks. This includes Bosnian refugees, whom we would all see as fully “white” in America. Interestingly, though, despite being racialized as “other” in Sweden, their “partial” whiteness does provide them with some privilege, and they were typically the top of the heap in the ghetto in Sweden, but they were still in the ghetto at the end of the day and not “fully” white (like white Swedes).

After 4 weeks in Sweden, I was looking at white people differently, and implicitly categorizing them by where they came from, my mind adapting almost instinctively to local racial context. People who “looked” Southern and Eastern European began to stick out to me in ways they never did in America. I began to make distinctions of the white people who “looked Swedish” and those who did not, and especially those from Eastern and Southern Europe.

In Europe, xenoracism (which “others” all immigrants, but definitely takes on racial dimensions for people who cannot pass as the local dominant ethnic majority) and ethno-nationalism (which elevates things like a specifically “Slavic” identity and “look” in Russia, “Englishness” and Anglo features in England, etc.), creates a completely different landscape for race and conceptions of “partial” and “full” whiteness. 

I mean, what else explains the racist undertones of the derogatory term “PIGS, used for Portugal, Italy, Greece and Spain, in mainstream media in the UK since the 90s, especially when we take a step back and think about how Southern Europeans have historically been deemed “Mediterranean,” “Iberic” and other terms to distinguish their whiteness from those of Northern and Western Europe. Cartoons like the below reinforce the implicit racialization of those countries and their peoples as subhuman, gluttonous, pigs:

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(Image description: cartoon of 4 pigs with the flags of Greece, Spain, Portugal and Italy gorging in a bed of coins with the words “ALL YOU CAN EAT” under it) 

What else explains the staunch opposition of many European countries to Turkey’s entrance into the EU (many Turkish people who would be racialized as “white” in much of America, although, if they are Muslim, that does complicate their whiteness somewhat) with explicitly racistand Islamophobic cartoons like this:

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(Image description: Cartoon of a chicken coup representing the “European Union” with white chickens on two branches with one saying “D-D-Don’t worry-he’ll melt right in.” And a much larger, dark chicken in the middle wearing a skullcap labeled “Islamic Hordes from Turkey”)

People on tumblr really need to decenter themselves from American geo-political context and not shut out the voices of people from other countries when discussions pertinent to those countries are occurring. 

Things I don’t have time for:

  1. White Americans saying shit like “OH, LIKE THIS POST SHOWS, SOME OF US ARE DISCRIMINATED AGAINST IN OTHER COUNTRIES, SO WE CAN’T HAVE PRIVILEGE.” Dipshit, you’re inAmerica and are racialized as white here, while the “white” peoples who are discriminated against in certain European contexts are NOT racialized as white there.
  2. Tumblr folks flatly applying US conceptions of race, whiteness and privilege to the world, erasing the experiences of people like you and being totally ignorant, especially since antiblackness is not thefulcrum of white supremacy in much of Europe and the rest of the world. 
  3. Tumblr folks being called out on being US-centric and not giving a fuck, especially on posts relevant to Europe and other geographies.
  4. Just derailment overall. A discussion about race in America is centered there and should not have people clamoring to and pointing to this post and others derailing that discussion. A discussion about race and whiteness on a global scale or in specific non-American contexts should NOT be derailed by Americans with our typical myopic bullshit that does not include and acknowledge local racial context.

There is tremendous tribalism in Europe, and distinctions and hierarchies of whiteness do exist (e.g. Southern and Eastern Europeans being seen as “lower grade” whites in Northern and Western Europe) along with the outright racialization (as fully non white) of people from certain ethnic groups (e.g. Roma, Jews, Chechens) that include very fair individuals. These distinctions are important. The world does not revolve around America.

As I’ve said before:

I think many people forget that “whiteness” is an inherently fluid categorization of people that is only “fixed” somewhat on a temporal and inherently local level. Whiteness as we see it in America today, is not the way that it’s seen in Europe, Latin America, etc. even as we speak right now. 

And with that, I’m done, as I personally have no patience anymore for Americans on-and-off Tumblr who are willfully ignorant and refuse to decenter their US-centric perspective even when faced with evidence to the contrary. In American-specific discussions on tumblr, speaking up would be derailing and inappropriate (and cater to racist white Americans), but definitely do share your opinion in cases relevant to Europe and your local context.

Thanks for the ask,

BiA

(Source: owning-my-truth, via unmaidenly)

4 months ago - 13122

Black Female Voices: bell hooks & Melissa Harris-Perry

Video

4 months ago - 3

thosepeskydames:

Robot Hugs - But Men [x]

(click through to see full comic and more on the artist’s site!)

(via fandomsandfeminism)